COUNTRY OF DESTINATION – ARRIVE AMMAN QALIA
Arrival at Queen Alia International Airport- Meet and assist with visa formalities. Exit to the hall – Transfer to Hotel.
AMMAN PANORAMIC CITY TOUR – MADABA – MOUNT NEBO – PETRA
Breakfast – running the panoramic view of Amman, capital of Jordan, to see the Citadel, roman theatre, the old city and the main streets and avenues, stroll through the busy souqs, then passing by the houses in the residential areas Abdoun (PANORAMIC TOUR). Continue drive to Madaba, well known for its Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics. Especially popular in Madaba is the 6th century mosaic map of Palestine on the floor of the orthodox St. George’s Church. Continue to Mount Nebo, not far from Madaba. Mt. Nebo where Prophet Moses gazed across the Promised Land and also where he later died, here one can also find the remains of a church from the 4th century and a monastery with magnificent mosaics. From the mountain enjoy a panoramic view of the Holy Land; usually Jericho is visible and on clear days Jerusalem is visible too. The importance of the place lies in being the last place visited by Moses. Continue drive to Petra. Overnight
After breakfast. Enjoy a guided tour of the many sites of Petra. Petra was carved into the rose-red Sharah Mountains by the Nabateans and lost to Civilization until re-discovered by the Swiss Burkhardt. Around 11,000 BC Stone Age man was already exploiting the abundant natural resources of the Petra region, particularly wild goats and by 7000 BC some of the world’s earliest farmers were living in a walled village at Beidha, cultivating cereals and collecting nuts and fruits. But Petra really came to prominence in the 7C BC when the Edomites settled on Umm al-Biyara and other mountain strongholds and built a town at Tawilan above ’Ain Musa, in the hills to the north. Subject to Assyria, Babylonia, and then Persia, Edom in the 3C BC became the nucleus of an Arab state, the Nabateans kingdom and its capital at Petra. Originally from North Arabia, the Nabateans are first mentioned by the 1C BC historian Diodorus, who relates that in 312 BC Antigonus, the One-Eyed sent his general Athenaeus against ‘the land of the Arabs who are called Nabateans’, at that time a nomadic people who raised cattle and sheep and could survive for long periods in the desert, where they created a network of secret underground reservoirs. Athenaeus attacked a certain strong, though un-walled rock, perhaps the great massif of Umm al-Biyara at Petra, where the Nabateans had left their valuables, elders, women and children while celebrating a festival, killed some of the Arabs there and made off with vast quantities of frankincense, myrrh and silver. Some 150 years later the Nabateans had settled and Petra was the capital of an organized state, walk through the Siq, a narrow and winding fissure between the cliffs, to reach the Treasury, the Roman Theater, the Courts, Qasr Bint Pharaoun, Temple of the Winged Lion and other monuments. Overnight in Petra
PETRA – WADI RUM – AMMAN
After breakfast. Drive to the desert of Wadi Rum. – Enjoy 02 hours 4×4 jeep tour of Wadi Rum, following in the footsteps of Lawrence of Arabia then drive to Amman hotel for overnight.
AMMAN – JERASH – AJLOUN – AMMAN
After breakfast, drive to Jerash, the “Pompeii of the East” which is perhaps, the best preserved of the provincial Roman towns. Around its colonnaded main street, see the Cardo, South Theatre, Temple of Zeus, Hadrian’s Arch, the Artemis Temple and the Nymphaeum. The city’s 14 churches date from Byzantine time and are filled with fine mosaics. Continue westward to Saladin’s 12th century Arab castle, Qalaat al Rabad (Ajloun), one of the finest examples of military architecture.
Then drive to Amman hotel for overnight
END OF ITINERARY
After breakfast, transfer to Amman Airport for departure.
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